Monthly Archives: May 2013

MK: Praperadilan Petitions Open to NGOs

The Constitutional Court ruled last week that the phrase “interested third parties” in the Criminal Procedure Code relating to praperadilan requests should be interpreted broadly and that NGOs must to be allowed bring praperadilan petitions.  Here’s Suara Merdeka coverage:

Mahkamah Konstitusi mengabulkan permohonan Masyarakat Anti Korupsi (MAKI) dalam uji materi Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Acara Pidana tentang gugatan praperadilan.

“Mengabulkan permohonan pemohon untuk seluruhnya,” papar keputusan Mahkamah Konstitusi dalam sidang yang dibacakan Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi Akil Mochtar di Gedung Mahkamah Konstitusi  Jakarta, Selasa (21/5).

Pasal yang diujikan materi adalah Pasal 80 Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Acara Pidana (KUHAP) yang berbunyi permintaan untuk memeriksa sah atau tidaknya suatu penghentian penyidikan atau penuntutan dapat diajukan oleh penyidik atau penuntut umum atau pihak ketiga yang berkepentingan kepada ketua pengadilan negeri dengan menyebutkan alasannya.

Frasa pihak ketiga yang berkepentingan dalam Pasal 80 KUHAP adalah bertentangan dengan UUD 1945 dan tidak mempunyai kekuatan hukum yang mengikat sepanjang tidak dimaknai, “Termasuk saksi korban atau pelapor, lembaga swadaya masyarakat (LSM) atau organisasi kemasyarakatan,” kata Akil.

Putusan ini dijatuhkan Mahkamah Konstitusi dengan pertimbangan pihak ketiga bukan hanya saksi korban tindak pidana, melainkan juga masyarakat luas. Hal Ini karena pada dasarnya KUHAP dibuat untuk kepentingan umum.

This strengthens court oversight of the investigation and prosecution process.  More recently, however, judges have generally accepted praperadilan requests from NGOs but have found in favour of the Kejaksaan, often on the basis of dubious arguments–see, for example, in the case of former Semarang Mayor Sukawi Sutarip: Again, Court Rejects Praperadilan Petition in Sukawi Investigation Termination.  Generally, however, it’s a step forward for law enforcement accountability.  There now needs to be a concerted effort to socialise the decision and provide local NGOs with the technical capacity to prepare praperadilan requests.

What’s next, private prosecution?

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Corruption Law Enforcement in Indonesia (1993-2012)

Indonesia has had corruption laws on its books from at least the 1960s and even earlier if one includes acts of corruption included in the Dutch colonial criminal code. However, the enforcement of these laws has been problematic. It is very difficult to find reliable legal statistics on corruption law enforcement, even those aggregated at the national-level. The figure below is my best effort (thus far) to track-down the total number of corruption cases prosecuted each year in the past two decades. The main source is the website of the Supreme Prosecutor for the years 2005-2012 (see here) but for earlier years I’ve had to rely on Indonesian publications and newspaper quotations of officials from the Supreme Prosecutor. Although there are numerous data gaps in the first decade, I think the general trend is clear.

Corruption Law Enforcement in Indonesia (1993-2012)

If anyone can help fill those gaps, please please please do get in touch.

P.S. I’ve taken a hiatus from the blog over the past few months in order to focus on the thesis but I hope to be back soon(ish).