The Judicial Commission’s Authority to Monitor Judges and Recommend Sanctions

Just now I blogged on a news articles on KP2KKN reporting two judges from the Semarang Corruption Court to the Judicial Commission (and the Supreme Court) — link here.  I thought I’d follow-up with a brief summary of the authority of Judicial Commission to receive complaints from the community and to recommend sanctions to the Supreme Court as stimpulated in Law No. 22 of 2004 on the Judicial Commision.

The two main authorities of the Judicial Commission–to shortlist Supreme Court Judges and to monitor judges–are established in Article 13:

Article 13

The Judicial Commission has the authority to:

a) propose the appointment of Supreme Judges to the DPR; and

b) uphold the honor and dignity of judges and control their attitudes.

Pasal 13

Komisi Yudisial mempunyai wewenang:

a. mengusulkan pengangkatan Hakim Agung kepada DPR; dan

b. menegakkan kehormatan dan keluhuran martabat serta menjaga perilaku hakim.

Articles 20-22 provide more details on implementation of Article 13 b):

Article 20

In executing the authority as meant in Article 13 letter b the Judicial Commission shall be tasked to control the attitudes of judge in an effort to uphold their honor and dignity and improve their attitudes.

Article 21

In executing the authority as meant in Article 13 letter b the Judicial Commission shall be tasked to propose the imposition of sanction on judges to the leadership of the Supreme Court and/or the Constitutional Court.

Article 22

In conducting the control as meant in Article 20, the Judicial Commission shall:

a) receive tip-offs from the public about the attitudes of judges;

b) ask for periodic reports from court bodies about the attitudes of judges;

c) examine alleged violations of codes of ethic by judges;

d) summon and ask for information from judges who have allegedly violated codes of ethic; and

e) make reports on the result of examination in the form of recommendations to the Supreme Court and/or Constitutional Court, with copies addressed to the President and the DPR.

Pasal 20

Dalam melaksanakan wewenang sebagaimana dimaksud dalam Pasal 13 huruf b Komisi Yudisial mempunyai tugas melakukan pengawasan terhadap perilaku hakim dalam rangka menegakkan kehormatan dan keluhuran martabat serta menjaga perilaku hakim.

Pasal 21

Untuk kepentingan pelaksanaan kewenangan sebagaimana dimaksud dalam Pasal 13 huruf b, Komisi Yudisial bertugas mengajukan usul penjatuhan sanksi terhadap hakim kepada pimpinan Mahkamah Agung dan/atau Mahkamah Konstitusi. (1)

Pasal 22

Dalam melaksanakan pengawasan sebagaimana dimaksud dalam Pasal 20, Komisi Yudisial:

a. menerima laporan masyarakat tentang perilaku hakim; meminta laporan secara berkala kepada badan peradilan berkaitan dengan perilaku hakim;

b. melakukan pemeriksaan terhadap dugaan pelanggaran perilaku hakim;

c. memanggil dan meminta keterangan dari hakim yang diduga melanggar kode etik perilaku hakim; dan

d. membuat laporan hasil pemeriksaan yang berupa rekomendasi dan disampaikan kepada Mahkamah Agung dan/atau Mahkamah Konstitusi, serta tindasannya disampaikan kepada Presiden dan DPR.

It’s a relatively weak institution as it only has the authority to recommend sanctions  Nonetheless, it’s a mechanism that can be used to generate some public pressure on judges and the Supreme Court.

I’ve uploaded Law No. 22 of 2004 in Indonesian and English below:

UU22-2004 Komisi Yudisial

UU22-2004 Judicial Commission

The Judicial Commission’s website is here.

Tagged

2 thoughts on “The Judicial Commission’s Authority to Monitor Judges and Recommend Sanctions

  1. […] the Judicial Commission, which has authority to monitor and recommend sanctions for judges (see here): “We all know that [the Supreme Court] has been very protective of [judges] violating the law […]

  2. […] its received it would seriously undermine its effectiveness because, as I’ve noted before (here), the Judicial Commission has little power besides its ability to generate public pressure on the […]

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